LIST OF THAI PRIME MINISTERS | LIST OF THAI KINGS

LIST OF CHINESE RULERS

       

 

Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors (Before BC 2100)
  Name Dynasty Reign
1. Nu Wa / Nu Kua / Nu Gua Sān Huáng Before 2800
(女媧) (三皇)
or You Chao Sān Huáng Before 2800
(有巢) (三皇)
2. Sui Ren Sān Huáng Before 2800
(燧人) (三皇)
3. Fu Xi Sān Huáng BC 2800 - 2737 (63 years)
(伏羲) (三皇)
or Yan Di / Shen Nong Wǔ Dě BC 2737 - 2698 (39 years)
(炎帝 / 神农) (五帝)
4. Huang Di / Yellow Emperor Wǔ Dě  BC 2697 - 2597 (100 years)
(黄帝) (五帝)
or Shao Hao Wǔ Dě  BC 2597 - 2514 (83 years)
(少昊) (五帝)
5. Zhuan Xu Wǔ Dě BC 2514 - 2436 (78 years)
(颛顼) (五帝)
6. Di Ku          Wǔ Dě   BC 2436 - 2366 (70 years)
(帝喾) (五帝)
or Di Zhi Wǔ Dě BC 2366 - 2358 (8 years)
(帝挚) (五帝)
7. Tang Yao Wǔ Dě BC 2358 - 2258 (100 years)
(唐尧) (五帝)
8. Di Shun       Wǔ Dě BC 2255 - 2195 (60 years)
(帝舜) (五帝)

 

Xia Dynasty (ca. BC 2205 - 1675)
  Name Dynasty Reign
1. Da Yu Xia Chao BC 2205 - 2197 (8-45 years)
(大禹) (夏朝)
2. Qi Xia Chao BC 2146 - 2117 (10-29 years)
() (夏朝)
3. Tai Kang Xia Chao BC 2117 - 2088 (29 years)
(太康) (夏朝)
4. Zhong Kang Xia Chao BC 2088 - 2075 (13 years)
(仲康) (夏朝)
5. Xiang Xia Chao BC 2075 - 2047 (28 years)
(相) (夏朝)
6. Shao Kang Xia Chao BC 2007 - 1985 (21 years)
(少康) (夏朝)
7. Zhu Xia Chao BC 1985 - 1968 (17 years)
(杼) (夏朝)
8. Huai               Xia Chao BC 1968 - 1924 (26 years)
(槐) (夏朝)
9. Mang Xia Chao BC 1924 - 1906 (18 years)
(芒) (夏朝)
10. Xie Xia Chao BC 1906 - 1890 (16 years)
(泄) (夏朝)
11. Bu Jiang   Xia Chao BC 1890 - 1831 (59 years)
(不降) (夏朝)
12. Jiong Xia Chao BC 1831 - 1810 (21 years)
(扃) (夏朝)
13. Jin Xia Chao BC 1810 - 1789 (21 years)
(廑) (夏朝)
14. Kong Jia Xia Chao BC 1789 - 1758 (31 years)
(孔甲) (夏朝)
15. Gao Xia Chao BC 1758 - 1747 (11 years)
(皋) (夏朝)
16. Fa Xia Chao BC 1747 - 1728 (11 years)
(發) (夏朝)
17. Jie  Xia Chao BC 1728 - 1675 (52 years)
(桀) (夏朝)

 

Shang / Yin Dynasty (ca. BC 1675 - 1046)
  Name Dynasty Reign
1a. Da Ying / Tang Shang Chao BC 1675 - 1646 (29 years)
(大乙 / ) (商朝)
1b. Da Ding / Tai Ding Shang Chao Thought to have died before he could ascend his throne
(大丁 / 太丁) (商朝)
2. Bu Bing / Wai Bing (2nd King due to death of 1b) Shang Chao Unknown (2 years)
(卜丙 / 外丙) (商朝)
3. Zhong Ren Shang Chao Unknown (4 years); uncertain if he actually ever ruled
(仲壬) (商朝)
or Da Geng / Tai Geng (3rd or 6th King) Shang Chao (5 or 25 years)
(大庚 / 太庚) (商朝)
4. Tai Jia / Da Jia Shang Chao BC 1535 - 1523 (12 years)
(太甲 / 大甲) (商朝)
5. Wo Ding Shang Chao  Unknown (19 or 29 years)
(沃丁) (商朝)
6. Da Geng / Tai Geng (6th King instead of 3 alt.)  Shang Chao  Unknown (5 or 25 years)
(大庚 / 太庚) (商朝)
7. Xiao Jia     Shang Chao  Unknown (17 years)
(小甲) (商朝)
8. Yong Ji Shang Chao  Unknown (12 years)
(雍己) (商朝)
9. Tai Wu / Da Wu Shang Chao  Unknown (75 years)
(太戊 / 大戊) (商朝)
10. Zhong Ding Shang Chao  Unknown (9 or 11 years )
(中丁) (商朝)
11. Wai Ren Shang Chao  Unknown (10 or 15 years)
(外壬) (商朝)
12. He Dan Jia Shang Chao  Unknown (9 years)
(河亶甲) (商朝)
13. Zu Yi       Shang Chao  Unknown (19 years)
(祖乙) (商朝)
14. Zu Xin             Shang Chao  Unknown (14 or 16 years)
(祖辛) (商朝)
15. Wo Jia Shang Chao  Unknown (20 or 25 years)
(沃甲) (商朝)
16. Zu Ding Shang Chao  Unknown (32 years)
(祖丁) (商朝)
17. Nan Geng Shang Chao  Unknown (29 years)
(南庚) (商朝)
18. Yang Jia Shang Chao  Unknown (7 or 17 years)
(陽甲) (商朝)
19. Pan Geng Shang / Yin Chao BC 1290 - 1263 (28 years) or BC 1374 - 1353 (21 years)
(盤庚) (商 / 殷朝)
20. Xiao Xin Yin Chao Unknown (3 years)
(小辛) (殷朝)
21. Xiao Yi Yin Chao Unknown (10 years) or       BC 1353 - 1325 (21 - 24 years)
(小乙) (殷朝)
22. Wu Ding Yin Chao BC 1250 - 1192 (58 years) or BC 1325 - 1266 (59 years)
(武丁) (殷朝)
23. Zu Geng Yin Chao BC 1191 -1180 (11 years) or BC 1266 - 1259 (7 years)
(祖) (殷朝)
24. Zu Jia Yin Chao Unknown (33 years)
(祖甲) (殷朝)
25. Lin Xin Yin Chao Unknown (4 years)
(冯辛) (殷朝)
26. Geng Ding / Kang Ding Yin Chao BC 1170 - 1147 (23 years)
(庚丁 / 康丁) (殷朝)
27. Wu Yi Yin Chao BC 1147 - 1112 (35 years)
(武乙) (殷朝)
28. Wen Ding / Wen Wu Ding Yin Chao BC 1112 - 1102 (10 years) or BC 1325 - 1266 (11 years)
(文丁 / 文武丁) (殷朝)
29. Di Yi   Yin Chao BC 1101 - 1076 (25 years)
(帝乙) (殷朝)
30. Di Xin / Zhou Wang Yin Chao BC 1075 - 1046 (29 years)
(帝辛 / 紂王) (殷朝)

 

Western Zhou Dynasty (ca. BC 1046 - 771)
  Name Dynasty Reign
1. Wu / Fa Xi Zhou Chao BC 1046 - 1043 (3 years)
(武 / 發) (西周朝)
2. Cheng / Song Xi Zhou Chao BC 1042 - 1021 (21 years)
(成 / 誦) (西周朝)
3. Kang / Zhao Xi Zhou Chao BC 1020 - 996 (24 years)
(康 / 釗) (西周朝)
4. Zhao / Xia Xi Zhou Chao BC 995 - 977 (18 years)
(昭 / 瑕) (西周朝)
5. Mu / Man Xi Zhou Chao BC 976 - 922 ( years)
(穆 / 滿) (西周朝)
6. Gong / Yi Hu Xi Zhou Chao BC 922 - 900 (22 years)
(共 / 繄扈) (西周朝)
7. Yi / Jian Xi Zhou Chao BC 899 - 892 (3 years)
(懿 / 囏) (西周朝)
8. Xiao / Pi Fang Xi Zhou Chao BC 891 - 886 (5 years)
(孝 / 辟方) (西周朝)
9. Yi / Xie Xi Zhou Chao BC 885 - 878 (7 years)
(夷 / 燮) (西周朝)
10. Li / Hu Xi Zhou Chao BC 877 - 841 (36 years)
(剌 / 胡) (西周朝)
11. Gong He Xi Zhou Chao BC 841 - 828 (13 years)
(共和) (西周朝)
12. Xuan / Jing Xi Zhou Chao BC 827 - 782 (45 years)
(宣 / 靜) (西周朝)
13. You / Gong Sheng Xi Zhou Chao BC 781 - 771 (10 years)
(幽 / 宮湦) (西周朝)

 

Eastern Zhou Dynasty (ca. BC 770 - 221)
  Name Dynasty Reign
1. Ping / Yi Jiu Dong Zhou Chao BC 770 - 720 (50 years)
(平 / 宜臼) (东周)
2. Huan / Lin Dong Zhou Chao BC 719 - 697 (22 years)
(桓 / 林) (东周)
3. Zhuang / Tuo Dong Zhou Chao BC 696 - 682 (14 years)
(莊 / 佗) (东周)
4. Xi / Hu Qi Dong Zhou Chao BC 681 - 677 (4 years)
(釐 / 胡齊) (东周)
5. Hui / Lang Dong Zhou Chao BC 676 - 652 (24 years)
(惠 / 閬) (东周)
6. Xiang / Zheng Dong Zhou Chao BC 651 - 619 (32 years)
(襄 / 鄭) (东周)
7. Qing / Ren Shen Dong Zhou Chao BC 618 - 613 (5 years)
(頃 / 壬臣) (东周)
8. Kuang / Ban Dong Zhou Chao BC 612 - 607 (5 years)
(匡 / 班) (东周)
9. Ding / Yu Dong Zhou Chao BC 606 - 586 (5 years)
(定 / 瑜) (东周)
10. Jiang / Yi     Dong Zhou Chao BC 585 – 572 (13 years)
(簡 / 夷) (东周)
11. Ling / Xie Xin Dong Zhou Chao BC 571 - 545 (26 years)
(靈 / 泄心) (东周)
12. Jing / Gui Dong Zhou Chao BC 544 - 521 (23 years)
(景 / 貴) (东周)
13. Dao / Meng Dong Zhou Chao BC 520 (1 year)
(悼 / 猛) (东周)
14. Jing / Gai Dong Zhou Chao BC 519 BC - 476 (43 years)
(敬 / 丐) (东周)
15. Yuan / Ren Dong Zhou Chao BC 475 - 469 (6 years)
(元 / 仁) (东周)
16. Zhen Ding / Jie Dong Zhou Chao BC 468 - 442 (26 years)
(貞定 / 介) (东周)
17. Ai / Qu Ji Dong Zhou Chao BC 441 (less than a year)
(哀 / 去疾) (东周)
18. Si / Shu        Dong Zhou Chao BC 441 (less than a year)
(思 / 叔) (东周)
19. Kao / Wei Dong Zhou Chao BC 440 - 426 (14 years)
(考 / 嵬) (东周)
20. Wei Lie / Wu  Dong Zhou Chao BC 425 - 402 (23 years)
(威烈 / 午) (东周)
21. An / Jiao  Dong Zhou Chao BC 402 - 376 (26 years)
(安 / 驕) (东周)
22. Lie / Xi          Dong Zhou Chao BC 375 - 369 (6 years)
(烈 / 喜) (东周)
23. Xian / Bian  Dong Zhou Chao BC 368 - 321 (47 years)
(顯 / 扁) (东周)
24. Shen Jing / Ding Dong Zhou Chao BC 320 - 315 (5 years)
(慎靚 / 定) (东周)
25. Nan / Yan Dong Zhou Chao BC 314 - 256 (58 years)
(赧 / 延) (东周)

 

Qin Dynasty (ca. BC 306 - 206)
  Name Dynasty Reign
1. Ze / Ji / Zhao Xiang Qin Chao BC 306 - 250  (56 years)
(則 / 稷 / 昭襄) (秦朝)
2. Zhu / Xiao Wen Qin Chao BC 250 (1 year)
(柱 / 孝文) (秦朝)
3. Zi Chu / Zhuang Xiang Qin Chao BC 249 - 247 (2 years)
(子楚 / 莊襄) (秦朝)
4. Zheng / Shi Huang Di Qin Chao BC 246 - 210 (36 years)
(政 / 始皇帝) (秦朝)
5. Hu Hai / Er Shi Huang Di Qin Chao BC 210 - 207 (3 years)
(胡亥 / 二世皇帝) (秦朝)
6. Zi Ying / San Shi Huang Di Qin Chao BC 207 - 206 (1 year)
(子嬰 / 三世皇帝) (秦朝)

 

Western Han Dynasty (ca. BC 206 - AD 9)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Gao Zu / Bang Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 202 - 195 (7 years)
(高祖 / 邦) (西汉 / )
2. Xiao Hui / Ying Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 195 - 188 (7 years)
(孝惠 / ) (西汉 / )
3. Qian Shao / Gong Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 188 - 184 (4 years)
(前少 / ) (西汉 / )
4. Hou Shao / Hong / Shan Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 184 - 180 (4 years)
(后少 / 弘 / ) (西汉 / )
5. Xiao Wen / Heng Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 180 - 157 (23 years)
(孝文 / 恆) (西汉 / )
6. Jing / Qi   Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 157 - 141 (16 years)
(景 / 启) (西汉 / )
7. Wu / Che Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 141 - 87 (54 years)
(武 / 彻) (西汉 / )
8. Zhao / Fu Ling Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 87 - 74 (13 years)
(昭 / 弗陵) (西汉 / )
9. Chang Yi Wang He / He Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 74 (27 days)
(昌邑王賀 / 贺) (西汉 / )
10. Xuan / Xun   Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 74 - 49 (25 years)
(宣 / ) (西汉 / )
11. Yuan / Shi    Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 48 - 33 (15 years)
(元 / 奭) (西汉 / )
12. Cheng / Ao Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 33 - 7 (26 years)
(成 / 骜) (西汉 / )
13. Ai / Xin     Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 7 - 1 (6 years)
(哀 / ) (西汉 / )
14. Ping / Kan              Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 1 - AD 5 (6 years)
(平 / ) (西汉 / )
15. Ru Zi / Ying Xi Han Chao / Liu BC 1 - AD 5 (6 years)
(孺子 / 婴) (西汉 / )

 

Xin Dynasty (ca. AD 9 - 23)
  Name Dynasty Reign
1. Wang Mang / Ju Jun Xin Chao AD 9 - 23 (14 years)
(王莽 / 巨君) ()

 

Eastern Han Dynasty (ca. AD 25 - 220)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Geng Shi / Xuang Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 23 - 25 (2 years)
(更始 / ) (东汉 / )
2a. Pen Zi       Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 25 - 27 (temporary puppet emperor)
(盆子) (东汉 / )
2b. Guang Wu / Xiu Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 25 - 57 (31 years)
(光武 / ) (东汉 / )
3. Ming / Yang Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 57 - 75 (18 years)
(明 / 阳) (东汉 / )
4. Zhang / Da Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 75 - 88 (13 years)
(章 / 炟) (东汉 / )
5. He / Zhao      Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 88 - 105 (17 years)
(和 / 肇) (东汉 / )
6. Shang / Long      Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 105 - 106 (1 year)
(殇 / 隆) (东汉 / )
7. An / Hu Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 106 - 125 (19 years)
(安 / 祜) (东汉 / )
8. Shao / Bei Xiang Hou / Yi Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 125 (less than 1 year)
(少 / 北乡侯 / 懿) (东汉 / )
9. Shun / Xiao Shun / Bao Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 125 - 144 (19 years)
(顺 / 孝順 / 保) (东汉 / )
10. Chong / Bing          Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 144 - 145 (1 year)
 
(沖 / 炳) (东汉 / )
11. Zhi / Zuan            Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 145 - 146 (1 year)
 
( / 缵) (东汉 / )
12. Huan / Zhi   Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 146 - 168 (22 years)
 
(桓/ 志) (东汉 / )
13. Ling / Hong        Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 168 - 189 (31 years)
 
(/ 宏) (东汉 / )
14. Shao / Bian Dong Han Chao / Liu AD 189 (1 year)
 
(/ 辩) (东汉 / )
15. Xian / Xie Dong Han Chao / Liu

AD 189 - 220 (31 years)
 

(獻 / 协) (东汉 / )

 

Three Kingdoms (ca. AD 220 - 280)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
A1. Pi / Wen              Wei Guo / Cao AD 220 - 226 (6 years)
( / ) (国 / )
A2. Rui             Wei Guo / Cao AD 226 - 239 (13 years)
(叡) (国 / )
A3. Fang Wei Guo / Cao AD 239 - 254 (15 years)
 
(芳) (国 / )
A4. Huan / Yuan     Wei Guo / Cao AD 260 - 265 (5 years)
 
(奐 / 元) (国 / )
B1. Bei Shu Han Guo / Liu AD 221 – 223 (2 years)
(备) ( / )
B2. Shan Shu Han Guo / Liu AD 223 - 263 (40 years)
(禅) ( / )
C1. Quan / Da  Wu Guo / Sun AD 229 - 252 (23 years)
 
(权 / ) (吴 / 孙)
C2. Liang     Wu Guo / Sun AD 252 - 258 (6 years)
(亮) (吴 / 孙)
C3. Xiu / Jing Wu Guo / Sun AD 258 - 264 (6 years)
(休 / 景) (吴 / 孙)
C4. Hao  Wu Guo / Sun AD 264 - 280 (16 years)
(皓) (吴 / 孙)

 

Western Jin Dynasty (ca. AD 266 - 316)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Yan / Wu  Xi Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 266 - 290 (24 years)
( / ) (西晋朝 / 司馬)
2. Zhong / Hui Xi Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 290 - 301 (11 years)
(衷 / 惠) (西晋朝 / 司馬)
3. Lun / Zi Yi Xi Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 301 (less than 1 year)
(伦 / 子彛) (西晋朝 / 司馬)
4. Chi / Huai Xi Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 307 – 311 (4 years)
(炽 / 怀) (西晋朝 / 司馬)
5. Ye / Min Xi Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 313 - 316 (3 years)
(业 or 邺 / 愍) (西晋朝 / 司馬)

 

Eastern Jin Dynasty (ca. AD 317 - 420)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Rui / Yuan     Dong Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 317 - 323 (6 years)
(睿 / 元) (晋朝 / 司馬)
2. Shao/ Ming       Dong Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 323 - 325 (2 years)
(绍 / 明) (晋朝 / 司馬)
3. Yan / Cheng Dong Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 325 - 342 (17 years)
(衍 / 成) (晋朝 / 司馬)
4. Yue / Kang            Dong Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 342 - 344 (2 years)
(岳 / 康) (晋朝 / 司馬)
5. Dan / Mu  Dong Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 344 - 361 (17 years)
(聃 / 穆) (晋朝 / 司馬)
6. Pi / Ai Dong Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 361 - 365 (4 years)
(丕 / 哀) (晋朝 / 司馬)
7. Yi / Fei         Dong Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 365 - 372 (7 years)
(奕 / 废) (晋朝 / 司馬)
8. Yu / Jian Wen  Dong Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 372 (less than 1 year)
(昱 / 简) (晋朝 / 司馬)
9. Yao / Xiao Wu Dong Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 372 - 396 (24 years)
(曜 / 孝武) (晋朝 / 司馬)
10. De Zong / An   Dong Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 396 - 419 (23 years)
(德宗 / 安) (晋朝 / 司馬)
11. De Wen / Gong    Dong Jin Chao / Si Ma AD 419 - 420 (1 year)
(德文 / ) (晋朝 / 司馬)

 

Northern Wei / Yuan Dynasty (ca. AD 386 - 535) - 1st Northern Dynasty
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Gui / Dao Wu       Bei Wei Chao / Tuo Ba AD 386 - 409 (23 years)
(珪 / 道武) (北魏朝 /拓拔)
2. Si / Ming Yuan      Bei Wei Chao / Tuo Ba AD 409 - 423 (14 years)
(嗣 / 明元) (北魏朝 /拓拔)
3. Dao or Tao / Tai Wu Bei Wei Chao / Tuo Ba AD 423 - 452 (29 years)
(焘 / 太武) (北魏朝 /拓拔)
4. Yu / Nan An Bei Wei Chao / Tuo Ba AD 452 (less than 1 year)
(余 / 南安) (北魏朝 /拓拔)
5. Jun / Wen Cheng   Bei Wei Chao / Tuo Ba AD 452 - 465 (13 years)
(濬 / 文成) (北魏朝 /拓拔)
6. Hong / Xian Wen Bei Wei Chao / Tuo Ba AD 466 - 471 (5 years)
(弘 / 献文) (北魏朝 /拓拔)
7. Hong / Xiao Wen Bei Wei Chao / Yuan AD 471 - 499 (28 years)
(宏 / 孝文) (北魏朝 /元)
8. Ke / Xuan Wu              Bei Wei Chao / Yuan AD 499 - 515 (16 years)
(恪 / 宣武) (北魏朝 /元)
9. Xu / Xiao Ming Bei Wei Chao / Yuan AD 516 - 528 (12 years)
(诩 / 孝明) (北魏朝 /元)
10. Zhao / You Zhu Bei Wei Chao / Yuan AD 528 (less than 1 year)
(钊 / 幼主) (北魏朝 /元)
11. Zi You / Xiao Zhuang Bei Wei Chao / Yuan AD 528 - 530 (2 years)
(子攸 / 孝庄) (北魏朝 /元)
12. Ye / Chang Guang Bei Wei Chao / Yuan AD 530 - 531 (1 year)
(晔 / 长广) (北魏朝 /元)
13. Gong / Jie Min Bei Wei Chao / Yuan AD 531 (less than 1 year)
(恭 / 节闵) (北魏朝 /元)
14. Lang / An Ding Bei Wei Chao / Yuan AD 532 (less than 1 year)
(朗 / 安定) (北魏朝 /元)
15. Xiu / Xiao Wu Bei Wei Chao / Yuan AD 532 - 535 (3 years)
(脩 / 孝武) (北魏朝 /元)

 

Liu / Former Song Dynasty (ca. AD 420 - 479) - 1st Southern Dynasty
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Yu / Wu  Song Chao / Liu AD 420 - 422 (2 years)
(裕 / ) (宋朝 / 刘)
2. Yi Fu / Shao           Song Chao / Liu AD 422 - 424 (2 years)
(义符 / 少) (宋朝 / 刘)
3. Yi Long / Wen Song Chao / Liu AD 424 - 453 (29 years)
(义隆 / 文) (宋朝 / 刘)
4. Shao / Yuan Xiong Song Chao / Liu AD 453 (1 year)
(劭 / 元凶) (宋朝 / 刘)
5. Jun/ Xiao Wu   Song Chao / Liu AD 453 - 464 (11 years)
(骏 / 孝武) (宋朝 / 刘)
6. Zi Ye /Qian Fei Song Chao / Liu AD 464 - 465 (2 years)
(子业 / 前废) (宋朝 / 刘)
7. Yu / Ming      Song Chao / Liu AD 465 - 472 (2 years)
(彧 / 明) (宋朝 / 刘)
8. Yu / Hou Fei Song Chao / Liu AD 472 - 477 (5 years) 
(昱 /后废) (宋朝 / 刘)
9. Zhun / Shun Song Chao / Liu AD 477 - 479 (2 years)
(准 / 顺) (宋朝 / 刘)

 

Southern Qi Dynasty (ca. AD 479 - 502) - 2nd Southern Dynasty
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Dao Cheng / Gao         Nan Qi Chao / Xiao AD 479 - 482 (3 years)
(道成 / 高) (南齐朝 / 萧)
2. Ze / Wu                   Nan Qi Chao / Xiao AD 482 - 493 (11 years) 
(赜 / 武) (南齐朝 / 萧)
3. Zhao Ye / Yu Lin Nan Qi Chao / Xiao AD 493 - 494 (1 year) 
(昭业 / 郁林) (南齐朝 / 萧)
4. Zhao Wen / Hai Ling Nan Qi Chao / Xiao AD 494 (less than 1 year) 
(昭文 / 海陵) (南齐朝 / 萧)
5. Luan / Ming      Nan Qi Chao / Xiao AD 494 - 498 (3 years) 
(鸾 / 明) (南齐朝 / 萧)
6. Bao Juan / Dong Hun Hou Nan Qi Chao / Xiao AD 499 - 501 (2 years) 
(宝卷 / 东昏侯) (南齐朝 / 萧)
7. Bao Rong / He Nan Qi Chao / Xiao AD 501 - 502 (1 year) 
(宝融 / 和) (南齐朝 / 萧)

 

Liang Dynasty (ca. AD 502 - 557) - 3rd Southern Dynasty
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Yan /Wu            Nan Liang Chao / Xiao AD 502 - 549 (47 years) 
(衍 / 武) (南梁 / 萧)
2. Gang / Jian Wen  Nan Liang Chao / Xiao AD 549 - 551 (2 years)
(纲 / 简文) (南梁 / 萧)
3. Dong / Yu Zhang Nan Liang Chao / Xiao AD 551 - 552 (2 years)
(栋 / 豫章) (南梁 / 萧)
4. Yi / Yuang Nan Liang Chao / Xiao AD 552 - 555 (3 years)
(绎 / 元) (南梁 / 萧)
5. Yuan Ming / Zhen Yang Hou Nan Liang Chao / Xiao AD 555 (less than 1 year)
(渊明 / 贞阳侯) (南梁 / 萧)
6. Fang Zhi / Jing Nan Liang Chao / Xiao AD 555-557 (2 years)
(方智 / 敬) (南梁 / 萧)

 

Eastern Wei Dynasty (ca. AD 534 - 550) - 2nd Northern Dynasty
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Shan Jian / Xiao Jing Dong Wei Chao / Yuan AD 534 - 550 (16 years)
(善見 / 孝靜) (东魏朝 /元)

 

Western Wei Dynasty (ca. AD 535 - 556) - 3rd Northern Dynasty
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Bao Ju / Wen Xi Wei Chao / Yuan AD 535 - 551 (16 years)
(宝炬 / 文) (西魏朝 /元)
2. Qin / Fei          Xi Wei Chao / Yuan AD 552 - 554 (2 years)
(钦 / 废) (西魏朝 /元)
3. Kuo / Gong    Xi Wei Chao / Tuo Ba AD 554 - 556 (2 years)
(廓 / 恭) (西魏朝 / 拓拔)

 

Northern Qi Dynasty (ca. AD 550 - 577) - 4th Northern Dynasty
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Yang / Wen Xuan Bei Qi Chao / Gao  AD 550 - 559 (9 years)
(洋 / 文宣) (北齐朝 / 高)
2. Yin / Fei             Bei Qi Chao / Gao  AD 559 - 560 (1 year)
(殷/ 废) (北齐朝 / 高)
3. Yan / Xiao Zhao Bei Qi Chao / Gao  AD 560 - 561 (1 year)
(演 / 孝昭) (北齐朝 / 高)
4. Zhan or Dan / Wu Cheng Bei Qi Chao / Gao  AD 561 - 565 (4 years)
(湛 / 武成) (北齐朝 / 高)
5. Wei / Hou Zhu Bei Qi Chao / Gao  AD 565 - 577 (12 years)
(纬 / 后主) (北齐朝 / 高)
6. Heng / You Zhu          Bei Qi Chao / Gao  AD 577 (1 year)
(恒 / 幼主) (北齐朝 / 高)

 

Northern Zhou Dynasty (ca. AD 557 - 581) - 5th Northern Dynasty
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Jue / Xiao Min        Bei Zhou Chao / Yu Wen AD 557 (1 year)
(觉 / 孝闵) (北周朝 / 宇文)
2. Yu / Ming or Xiao Ming Bei Zhou Chao / Yu Wen AD 557 - 560 (3 years)
(毓 / 明 or 孝明) (北周朝 / 宇文)
3. Yong / Wu                   Bei Zhou Chao / Yu Wen AD 561 - 578 (17 years)
(邕 / 武) (北周朝 / 宇文)
4. Yun / Xuan        Bei Zhou Chao / Yu Wen AD 578 - 579 (1 year)
(赟 / 宣) (北周朝 / 宇文)
5. Chan / Jing Bei Zhou Chao / Yu Wen AD 579 - 581 (2 years)
(阐 / 静) (北周朝 / 宇文)

 

Chen Dynasty (ca. AD 557 - 589) - 4th Southern Dynasty
  Name Dynasty Reign
1. Ba Xian / Wu        Chen Chao AD 557 - 559 (2 years)
(霸先 / 武) (陈朝)
2. Qian / Wen                Chen Chao AD 559 - 566 (3 years)
(蒨 / 文) (陈朝)
3. Bo Zong / Fei      Chen Chao AD 566 - 568 (2 years)
(伯宗 / 废) (陈朝)
4. Xu / Xuan                 Chen Chao AD 569 - 582 (13 years)
(顼 / 宣) (陈朝)
5. Shu Bao / Hou Zhu Chen Chao AD 583 - 589 (6 years)
(叔宝 / 后主) (陈朝)

 

Sui Dynasty (ca. AD 589 - 618)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Jian / Wen                 Sui Chao / Yang AD 581 - 604 (23 years)
(坚 / 文) ( / )
2. Guang / Yang or Ming Sui Chao / Yang AD 604 - 617 (13 years)
(广 / 炀 or 明) ( / )
3. You / Gong               Sui Chao / Yang AD 617 - 618 (1 year)
(侑 / 恭) ( / )
4. Tong / Gong Sui Chao / Yang AD 618 - 619 (1 year)
(侗 / 恭) ( / )

 

Tang Dynasty (ca. AD 618 - 690) - Pre-Wu Ze Tian Period
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Yuan / Gao Zu               Tang Chao / Li AD 618 - 626 (8 years)
(渊 / 高祖) (唐朝 / )
2. Shi Min / Tai Zong Tang Chao / Li AD 626 - 649 (23 years)
(世民 / 太宗) (唐朝 / )
3. Zhi / Gao Zong Tang Chao / Li AD 649 - 683 (34 years)
(治 / 高宗) (唐朝 / )
4. Xian / Zhong Zong (First Reign) Tang Chao / Li AD 684 (1 year)
(显 / 中宗) (唐朝 / )
5. Dan / Rui Zong (First Reign) Tang Chao / Li AD 684 - 690 (6 years)
(旦 / 睿宗) (唐朝 / )

 

Second Zhou Dynasty (ca. AD 690 - 705) - Empress Wu Ze Tian
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Wu Mei / Wu Zhao / Tian Hao / Wu Ze Tian Zhou Chao / Wu AD 690 - 705 (15 years)
(武媚 / 武曌 / 天后 / 武则天) (周朝 / )

 

Tang Dynasty (ca. AD 705 - 907) - Post-Wu Ze Tian Period
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Xian / Zhong Zong (Second Reign) Tang Chao / Li AD 705 - 710 (5 years)
(显 / 中宗) (唐朝 / )
2. Chong Mao / Shang or Shao Tang Chao / Li AD 710 (less than 1 year)
(重茂 /殇 or 少) (唐朝 / )
3. Dan / Rui Zong (Second Reign) Tang Chao / Li AD 710 - 712 (2 years)
(旦 / 睿宗) (唐朝 / )
4. Long Ji / Xuan Zong or Ming Tang Chao / Li AD 712 - 756 (44 years)
(隆基 / 玄宗 or 明) (唐朝 / )
5. Heng / Su Zong       Tang Chao / Li AD 756 - 762 (6 years)
(亨 / 肃宗) (唐朝 / )
6. Yu / Dai Zong Tang Chao / Li AD 762 - 779 (17 years)
(豫 / 代宗) (唐朝 / )
7. Kuo / De Zong Tang Chao / Li AD 779 - 805 (26 years)
(适 / 德宗) (唐朝 / )
8. Song / Shun Zong Tang Chao / Li AD 805 (less than 1 year)
(诵 / 宗) (唐朝 / )
9. Chun / Xian Zong Tang Chao / Li AD 805 - 820 (15 years)
(纯 or 淳 / 宗) (唐朝 / )
10. Heng / You  / Mu Zong Tang Chao / Li AD 820 - 824 (4 years)
(恆 / 宥 / 穆宗) (唐朝 / )
11. Zhan  / Jing Zong Tang Chao / Li AD 824 - 827 (3 years)
(湛 / 敬宗) (唐朝 / )
12. Han / Wen Zong Tang Chao / Li AD 827 - 840 (23 years)
(涵 / 文宗) (唐朝 / )
13. Chan / Wu Zong Tang Chao / Li AD 840 - 846 (6 years)
(瀍 / 武宗) (唐朝 / )
14. Yi / Xuan Zong Tang Chao / Li AD 846 - 859 (13 years)
(怡 / 宣宗) (唐朝 / )
15. Wen / Yi Zong        Tang Chao / Li AD 859 - 873 (14 years)
(温 / 懿宗) (唐朝 / )
16. Yan / Xi Zong              Tang Chao / Li AD 873 - 888 (15 years)
(俨 / 僖宗) (唐朝 / )
17. Jie / Zhao Zong (First Reign) Tang Chao / Li AD 888 - 900 (12 years)
(杰 / 昭宗) (唐朝 / )
18. Yu                                      Tang Chao / Li AD 900 - 901 (1 year)
(裕) (唐朝 / )
19. Jie / Zhao Zong (Second Reign) Tang Chao / Li AD 901 - 904 (3 years)
(杰 / 昭宗) (唐朝 / )
20. Zuo / Ai / Zhao Xuan Tang Chao / Li AD 904 - 907 (3 years)
(祚 / 哀 / 昭宣)  

 

Five Dynasties Period (ca. AD 907 - 960)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
A1. Zhu Wen / Tai Zu Hou Liang Chao / Zhu AD 907 - 912 (5 years)
(温 / 太祖) (后梁 / 朱)
A2. You Gui   Hou Liang Chao / Zhu AD 912 - 913 (1 year)
(友珪) (后梁 / 朱)
A3. Zhen            Hou Liang Chao / Zhu AD 913 - 923 (10 years)
(瑱) (后梁 / 朱)
A4. Cun Xu       Hou Tang Chao / Li AD 923 - 926 (3 years)
(存勗) (唐朝 / )
B1. Si Yuan / Dan Hou Tang Chao / Li AD 926 - 933 (7 years)
(嗣源 / 亶) (唐朝 / )
B2. Cong Hou / Min Hou Tang Chao / Li AD 933 - 934 (1 year)
(從厚 / 闵) (唐朝 / )
B3. Cong Ke / Mo          Hou Tang Chao / Li AD 934 - 936 (2 years)
(從珂 / 末) (唐朝 / )
C1. Jing Tang           Hou Jin Chao / Shi AD 936 - 942 (6 years)
(敬瑭) ( / 石)
C2. Chong Gui      Hou Jin Chao / Shi AD 942 - 947 (5 years)
(重貴) ( / 石)
D1. Zhi Yuan            Hou Han Chao / Liu AD 947 - 948 (1 year)
(知远) (后汉 / 刘)
D2. Cheng You        Hou Han Chao / Liu AD 948 - 951 (3 years)
(承祐) (后汉 / 刘)
E1. Guo Wei Hou Zhou Chao AD 951 - 954 (3 years)
(郭威) ()
E2. Chai Rong         Hou Zhou Chao AD 954 - 959 (5 years)
(柴榮) ()
E3. Chai Zong Xun    Hou Zhou Chao AD 959 - 960 (1 year)
(柴宗訓) ()

 

Ten Kingdoms Period (ca. AD 907 - 979)
  Name Kingdom / House Reign
A1. Wo                                      Wu Guo / Yang AD 907 - 908 (1 year)
(渥) (吳国 / 楊)
A2. Long Yan     Wu Guo / Yang AD 908 - 920 (12 years)
(隆演) (吳国 / 楊)
A3. Pu                         Wu Chao / Yang AD 920 - 937 (17 years)
(溥) (吳国 / 楊)
B1. Liu / Wu Su Wu Yue Guo / Qian AD 907 - 932 (25 year)
(鏐 / 武肅) (吴越国 / 錢)
B2. Yuan Guan / Wen Mu Wu Yue Guo / Qian AD 932 - 941 (9 year)
(元瓘 / 文穆) (吴越国 / 錢)
B3. Zuo / Zhong Xian Wu Yue Guo / Qian AD 941 - 947 (6 year)
(佐 / 忠獻) (吴越国 / 錢)
B4. Zong / Zhong Xun Wu Yue Guo / Qian AD 947 (less than 1 year)
(倧 / 忠遜) (吴越国 / 錢)
B5. Chu / Zhong Yi  Wu Yue Guo / Qian AD 947 - 978 (31 years)
(俶 / 忠懿) (吴越国 / 錢)
C1. Shen Zhi        Min Guo  AD 909 - 925 (16 years)
(審知) (国)
C2. Yan Han      Min Guo  AD 925 - 926 (1 year)
(延翰) (国)
C3. Yan Jun          Min Guo  AD 926 - 935 (9 years)
(延鈞) (国)
C4. Ji Peng                  Min Guo  AD 935 - 939 (4 years)
(繼鵬) (国)
C5. Yan Xi          Min Guo  AD 939 - 944 (5 years)
(延羲) (国)
C6. Wen Jin Min Guo  AD 943 - 944 (1 year)
(文進) (国)
C7. Yan Zheng             Min Guo  AD 943 - 945 (2 years)
(延政) (国)
D1. Yin                              Chu Guo / Ma AD 907 - 930 (23 years)
(殷) (楚国 / 馬)
D2. Xi Sheng            Chu Guo / Ma AD 930 - 932 (2 years)
(希聲) (楚国 / 馬)
D3. Xi Fan             Chu Guo / Ma AD 932 - 947 (15 years)
(希範) (楚国 / 馬)
D4. Xi Guang Chu Guo / Ma AD 947 - 950 (3 years)
(希廣) (楚国 / 馬)
D5. Xi E            Chu Guo / Ma AD 950 (15 years)
(希萼) (楚国 / 馬)
D6. Xi Chong            Chu Guo / Ma AD 950 - 951 (1 year)
(希崇) (楚国 / 馬)
E1. Yan / Gao Zu       Nan Han Guo / Liu AD 917 - 941 (24 years)
(巖 and 龑 / 高祖) (南汉国 / 劉)
E2. Bin Nan Han Guo / Liu AD 941 - 943 (2 years)
(玢) (南汉国 / 劉)
E3. Cheng / Zhong Zong Nan Han Guo / Liu AD 943 - 958 (15 years)
(晟 / 中宗) (南汉国 / 劉)
E4. Chang / Hou Zhu Nan Han Guo / Liu AD 958 - 971 (15 years)
(鋹 / 後主) (南汉国 / 劉)
F1. Jian / Gao Zu                Da Shu Guo AD 907 - 918 (11 years)
(建 / 高祖) (大蜀国)
F2. Yan / Hou Zhu    Da Shu Guo AD 918 - 925 (7 years)
(衍 / 後主) (大蜀国)
G1. Zhi Xian / Gao Zu Hou Shu Guo / Meng AD 934 (1 year)
(孟知祥 / 高祖) (后蜀国 / 孟)
G2. Chang / Hou Zhu Hou Shu Guo / Meng AD 934 - 965 (31 years)
(昶 / 後主) (后蜀国 / 孟)
H1. Ji Xing  Nan Ping Guo / Gao AD 909 - 928 (19 years)
(季興) (南平国 / 高)
H2. Cong Hui Nan Ping Guo / Gao AD 928 - 948 (20 years)
(從誨) (南平国 / 高)
H3. Bao Rong Nan Ping Guo / Gao AD 948 - 960 (12 years)
(保融) (南平国 / 高)
H4. Bao Xu  Nan Ping Guo / Gao AD 960 - 962 (2 years)
(保勗) (南平国 / 高)
H5. Ji Chong  Nan Ping Guo / Gao AD 962 - 963 (1 year)
(繼沖) (南平国 / 高)
I1. Bian         Nan Tang Guo / Li AD 937 - 943 (6 years)
(昪) (南唐国 / 李)
I2. Jing            Nan Tang Guo / Li AD 943 - 961 (18 years)
(璟) (南唐国 / 李)
I3. Yu       Nan Tang Guo / Li AD 961 - 975 (14 years)
(煜) (南唐国 / 李)
J1. Min                               Bei Han Guo / Liu AD 951 - 954 (3 years)
(旻) (北汉国 / 劉)
J2. Cheng Jun  Bei Han Guo / Liu AD 954 - 968 (12 years)
(承鈞) (北汉国 / 劉)
J3. Ji En                             Bei Han Guo / Liu AD 968 (less than 1 year)
(繼恩) (北汉国 / 劉)
J4. Ji Yuan                           Bei Han Guo / Liu AD 968 - 979 (11 years)
(繼元) (北汉国 / 劉)

 

Liao Dynasty (ca. AD 907 - 1125)
  Name Dynasty Reign
1. Tai Zu Liao Chao AD 907 - 926 (19 years)
(太祖) (辽朝)
2. Tai Zong Liao Chao AD 926 - 947 (21 years)
(太宗) (辽朝)
3. Shi Zong       Liao Chao AD 947 - 951 (4 years)
(世宗) (辽朝)
4. Mu Zong      Liao Chao AD 951 - 969 (18 years)
(穆宗) (辽朝)
5. Jing Zong    Liao Chao AD 969 - 982 (13 years)
(景宗) (辽朝)
6. Sheng Zong  Liao Chao AD 982 - 1031 (49 years)
() (辽朝)
7. Xing Zong     Liao Chao AD 1031 - 1055 (24 years)
() (辽朝)
8. Dao Zong Liao Chao AD 1055 - 1101 (46 years)
() (辽朝)
9. Tian Zuo Liao Chao AD 1101 - 1125 (24 years)
(天祚) (辽朝)

 

Jin Dynasty (ca. AD 1115 - 1234)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Min / A Gu Da          Jin Chao / Wan Yan AD 1115 - 1123 (7 years) emperor only of Jin Dynasty
(旻 / 阿骨打) (辽朝 / 完顏)
2. Cheng / Wu Qi Mai Da Jin Chao / Wan Yan AD 1123 - 1135 (12 years) emperor of China in 1125
(晟 / 吳乞買) (辽朝 / 完顏)
3. Dan / He La                Jin Chao / Wan Yan AD 1135 - 1149 (14 years)
(亶 / 合剌) (辽朝 / 完顏)
4. Liang / Di Gu Nai Jin Chao / Wan Yan AD 1149 - 1161 (12 years)
(亮 / 迪古乃) (辽朝 / 完顏)
5. Yong / Wu Lu      Jin Chao / Wan Yan AD 1161 - 1189 (28 years)
(雍 / 烏祿) (辽朝 / 完顏)
6. Jing                    Jin Chao / Wan Yan AD 1189 - 1208 (19 years)
(璟) (辽朝 / 完顏)
7. Yong Ji                          Jin Chao / Wan Yan AD 1208 - 1213 (5 years)
(永濟) (辽朝 / 完顏)
8. Xun                                Jin Chao / Wan Yan AD 1213 - 1224 (11 years)
(珣) (辽朝 / 完顏)
9. Shou Xu                Jin Chao / Wan Yan AD 1224 - 1234 (10 years)
(守緒) (辽朝 / 完顏)
10. Sheng Lin     Jin Chao / Wan Yan AD 1234 (1 year)
(承麟) (辽朝 / 完顏)

 

Northern Song Dynasty (ca. AD 960 - 1127)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Kuang Yin                 Bei Song Chao / Zhao AD 960 - 976 (16 years)
(匡胤) (北宋 / )
2. Kuang Yi     Bei Song Chao / Zhao AD 976 - 997 (21 years)
(匡义) (北宋 / )
3. Heng     Bei Song Chao / Zhao AD 997 - 1022 (25 years)
(恆) (北宋 / )
4. Zhen              Bei Song Chao / Zhao AD 1022 - 1063 (41 years)
(禎) (北宋 / )
5. Zong Shi / Shu       Bei Song Chao / Zhao AD 1063 - 1067 (4 years)
(宗實 / 曙) (北宋 / )
6. Zhong Zhen     Bei Song Chao / Zhao AD 1067 - 1085 (18 years)
(仲鍼) (北宋 / )
7. Yong / Xu Bei Song Chao / Zhao AD 1085 - 1100 (15 years)
(傭 / 煦) (北宋 / )
8. Ji           Bei Song Chao / Zhao AD 1100 - 1125 (25 years)
(佶) (北宋 / )
9. Dan / Huan  Bei Song Chao / Zhao AD 1126 - 1127 (1 year)
( / 桓) (北宋 / )

 

Southern Song Dynasty (ca. AD 1127 - 1279)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Gou Nan Song Chao / Zhao AD 1127 - 1162 (35 years)
() ( / )
2. Shen                        Nan Song Chao / Zhao AD 1162 - 1189 (27 years)
(昚) ( / )
3. Dun Nan Song Chao / Zhao AD 1189 - 1194 (5 years)
(惇) ( / )
4. Kuo              Nan Song Chao / Zhao AD 1194 - 1224 (30 years)
(擴) ( / )
5. Yun                   Nan Song Chao / Zhao AD 1224 - 1264 (40 years)
(昀) ( / )
6. Meng Qi Nan Song Chao / Zhao AD 1264 - 1274 (10 years)
(孟启) ( / )
7. Xian Nan Song Chao / Zhao AD 1274 - 1276 (2 years)
(顯) ( / )
8. Shi          Nan Song Chao / Zhao AD 1276 - 1278 (2 years)
(昰) ( / )
9. Bing                            Nan Song Chao / Zhao AD 1278 - 1279 (1 year)
(昺) ( / )

 

Yuan Dynasty (ca. AD 1271 - 1368)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Qu Bi Lai (Kublai Khan) / Shi Zu Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1279 - 1294 (15 years) as Emperor of China
(忽必烈 / 世祖) ( / 孛兒只斤)
2. Cheng Zong Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1294 - 1307 (13 years)
(成宗) ( / 孛兒只斤)
3. Wu Zong Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1307 - 1311 (4 years)
(武宗) ( / 孛兒只斤)
4. Ren Zong                  Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1311 - 1320 (9 years)
(仁宗) ( / 孛兒只斤)
5. Ying Zong                               Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1320 - 1323 (3 years)
(英宗) ( / 孛兒只斤)
6. Jin Zong                             Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1323 - 1328 (5 years)
(晉宗) ( / 孛兒只斤)
7. Tian Shun                         Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1328 (less than 1 year)
(天順) ( / 孛兒只斤)
8. Wen Zong (First Reign) Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1328 - 1329 (1 year)
(文宗) ( / 孛兒只斤)
9. Ming Zong                  Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1329 (less than 1 year)
(宗) ( / 孛兒只斤)
10. Wen Zong (Second Reign) Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1329 - 1332 (3 years)
(文宗) ( / 孛兒只斤)
11. Ning Zong         Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1332 (less than 1 year)
(寧宗) ( / 孛兒只斤)
12. Hui Zong                Yuan Chao / Bor Ji Gin AD 1333 - 1370 (7 years) Emperor of China until 1368
(惠宗) ( / 孛兒只斤)

 

Ming Dynasty (ca. AD 1368 - 1644)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Yuan Zhang / Hong Wu Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1368 - 1398 (30 years)
(元璋 / 洪武) (明 / )
2. Yun Wen / Jian Wen Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1398 - 1402 (4 years)
(允炆 / 建文) (明 / )
3. Di / Yong Le    Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1402 - 1424 (22 years)
(棣 / 永乐) (明 / )
4. Gao Chi / Hong Xi Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1424 - 1425 (1 year)
(高熾 / 洪熙) (明 / )
5. Zhan Ji / Xuan De Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1425 - 1435 (10 years)
(瞻基 / 宣德) (明 / )
6. Qi Zhen / Zheng Tong (First Reign) Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1435 - 1449 (14 years)
(祁鎮 / 正統) (明 / )
7. Qi Yu / Jing Tai   Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1449 - 1457 (8 years)
(祁鈺 / 景泰) (明 / )
8. Qi Zhen / Zheng Tong (Second Reign) Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1457 - 1464 (7 years)
(祁鎮 / 正統) (明 / )
9. Jian Jun / Jian Shen / Cheng Hua Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1464 - 1487 (23 years)
(見濬 / 見深 / 成化) (明 / )
10. You Cheng / Hong Zhi Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1487 - 1505 (18 years)
(祐樘 / 弘治) (明 / )
11. Hou Zhao / Zheng De Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1505 - 1521 (16 years)
(厚照 / (正德) (明 / )
12. Hou Cong / Jia Jing Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1521 - 1567 (46 years)
(厚熜 / 嘉靖) (明 / )
13. Zai Hou / Long Qing Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1567 - 1572 (5 years)
(載垕 / 隆慶) (明 / )
14. Yi Jun / Wan Li  Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1572 - 1620 (48 years)
(翊鈞 / 万历) (明 / )
15. Chang Luo /Tai Chang Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1620 (less than 1 year)
(常洛 / 泰昌) (明 / )
16. You Xiao / Tian Qi Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1620 - 1627 (7 years)
(由校 / 天啓) (明 / )
17. You Jian / Chong Zhen Ming Chao / Zhu AD 1627 - 1644 (17 years)
(由檢 / 崇禎) (明 / )

 

Qing / Manchu Dynasty (ca. AD 1644 - 1911)
  Name Dynasty / House Reign
1. Fu Lin / Shun Zhi Qing Chao / Aisin Gioro AD 1644 - 1661 (17 years) as Emperor of China
(福臨 / 順治) (清朝 / 愛新覺羅)
2. Xuan Ye / Kang Xi Qing Chao / Aisin Gioro AD 1661 - 1722 (61 years) i.e. longest-reigning Emperor
(玄燁 / 康熙) (清朝 / 愛新覺羅)
3. Yin Zhen /Yong Zheng Qing Chao / Aisin Gioro AD 1722 - 1735 (13 years)
(胤禛 / 雍正) (清朝 / 愛新覺羅)
4. Hong Li / Qian Long Qing Chao / Aisin Gioro AD 1735 - 1796/1799 (60+3 years) longest de facto power
(弘曆 / 乾隆) (清朝 / 愛新覺羅)
5. Yong Yan / Jia Qing Qing Chao / Aisin Gioro AD 1796 - 1820 (24 years)
(顒琰 / 嘉慶) (清朝 / 愛新覺羅)
6. Min Ning / Dao Guang Qing Chao / Aisin Gioro AD 1820 - 1850 (30 years)
(旻寧 / 道光) (清朝 / 愛新覺羅)
7. Yi Zhu / Xian Feng         Qing Chao / Aisin Gioro AD 1850 - 1861 (11 years)
(奕詝 / 咸豐) (清朝 / 愛新覺羅)
8. Zai Chun /Tong Zhi Qing Chao / Aisin Gioro AD 1861 - 1875 (14 years)
(載淳 / 同治) (清朝 / 愛新覺羅)
9. Zai Tian / Guang Xu Qing Chao / Aisin Gioro AD 1875 - 1908 (33 years)
(載湉 / 光緒) (清朝 / 愛新覺羅)
10. Pu Yi / Xuan Tong Qing Chao / Aisin Gioro AD 1908 - 1911 (3 years), i.e. the last Emperor of China
(溥仪 / 宣統) (清朝 / 愛新覺羅)

 

Republic of China (ca. AD 1912 - 1915)
  Name Function / House Reign
1a. Sun Yat Sen (Sun Yi Xian) / Sun Zhong Shan Founder-President AD 1912 (less than 1 year)
(孙逸仙 / 孙中山)
1b. Sun Yat Sen (Sun Yi Xian) / Sun Zhong Shan Leader Kuomintang AD 1912 - 1925 (13 years)
(孙逸仙 / 孙中山)
2. Yuan Shi Kai               President / Yuan   AD 1912 - 1915 (3 years)
(袁世凯) (袁)

 

Empire of China (ca. AD 1915 - 1916/1917)
  Name House Reign
1. Yuan Shi Kai            Yuan                    AD 1915 - 1916 (less than 1 year) as Emperor
(袁世凯) (袁)
2. Pu Yi / Xuan Tong Qing Chao / Aisin Gioro AD 1917 (12 days), a warlord attempt to restore the throne
(溥仪 / 宣統) (清朝 / 愛新覺羅)

 

Republic of China (ca. AD 1916 - 1949)
  Name Function Reign
1. Yuan Shi Kai           President AD 1916 (less than 1 year)
(袁世凯)
2. Li Yuan Hong (First Term) President ad interim AD 1916 - 1917 (5 days)
(黎元洪)
3. Feng Guo Zhang       President AD 1917 - 1918 (1 year)
(冯国璋)
4. Xu Shi Chang                    President AD 1918 - 1922 (4 years)
(徐世昌)
5. Zhou Zi Qi        Acting President AD 1922 (shortest presidency in Chinese history)
(周自齊)
6. Li Yuan Hong (Second Term) President AD 1922 - 1923 (1 year)
(黎元洪)
7. Gao Ling Wei    Acting President AD 1923 (less than 1 year)
(高凌霨)
8. Cao Kun                    President AD 1923 - 1924 (1 year)
(曹锟)
9. Huang Fu             Acting President AD 1924 (less than 1 year)
(黃郛)
10. Duan Qi Rui            Provisional Chief Executive AD 1924 - 1926 (2 years)
(段祺瑞)
11. Hu Wei De                 Provisional Chief Executive AD 1926 (less than 1 year)
(胡惟德)
12. Yan Hui Qing                     President AD 1926 (less than 1 year)
(顏惠慶)
13. Du Xi Gui                President AD 1926 (less than 1 year)
(杜錫珪)
14. Ku Wei Chun      President AD 1926 - 1927 (1 year)
(顧維鈞)
15. Zhang Zuo Lin  President AD 1927 - 1928 (1 year)
(张作霖)
16. Tan Yan Kai         Int'l Recognized Head of State AD 1928 (less than 1 year)
(谭延闿)
17a. Chiang Kai Shek                  Leader Kuomintang AD 1925 - 1975 (50 years)
(蒋介石)
17b. Chiang Kai Shek          Chairman Nationalist Government AD 1928 - 1931 (3 years)
(蒋介石)
17c. Chiang Kai Shek               Premier AD 1930 - 1931 (1 year)
(蒋介石)
17d. Chiang Kai Shek             Chairman National Military Council AD 1932 - 1946 (14 years)
(蒋介石)
17e. Chiang Kai Shek           President

AD 1948 - 1949 (1 year)

(蒋介石)

 

People's Republic of China (ca. AD 1949 - Present)
  Name Function Reign
1a. Mao Ze Dong Chairman Communist Party of China AD 1943 - 1976 (33 years)
(毛泽东)
1b. Mao Ze Dong Chairman People's Republic of China AD 1954 - 1959 (5 years)
(毛泽东)
2. Liu Shao Qi Chairman People's Republic of China AD 1959 - 1968 (9 years)
(刘少奇)
3a. Hua Guo Feng Chairman Communist Party of China AD 1976 - 1981 (5 years)
(华国锋)
3b. Hua Guo Feng  Premier of People's Republic of China AD 1976 - 1980 (4 years)
(华国锋)
4a. Deng Xiao Ping Chairman of the Chinese National PCC AD 1978 - 1983 (5 years)
(邓小平)
4b. Deng Xiao Ping Chairman Central Military Commission AD 1981 - 1989 (8 years)
(邓小平)
4c. Deng Xiao Ping Chairman CP's Central Advisory Commission AD 1982 - 1987 (5 years)
(邓小平)
5. Hu Yao Bang Chairman Communist Party of China AD 1981 - 1982 (1 year)
(胡耀邦)
6. Soong Ching Ling Head of State / Honorary President AD 1981 (12 days)
(宋庆龄)
7. Ye Jian Ying Head of State AD 1981 - 1983 (2 years)
(叶剑英)
8. Li Xian Nian President AD 1983 - 1988 (5 years)
(李先念)
9. Yang Shang Kun President AD 1988 - 1993 (5 years)
 
(杨尚昆)
10. Zhao Zi Yang General Secretary Communist Party AD 1987 - 1989 (2 years)
(赵紫阳)
11a. Jiang Ze Min General Secretary Communist Party AD 1989 - 2002 (13 years)
(江泽民)
11b. Jiang Ze Min President AD 1993 - 2003 (10 years)
(江泽民)
12a. Hu Jin Tao General Secretary Communist Party AD 2002 - 2012
(胡锦涛)
12b. Hu Jin Tao President AD 2003 - 2013
(胡锦涛)
13. Wen Jia Bao Premier AD 2003 - 2013
(温家宝)
14a. Xi Jin Ping General Secretary Communist Party AD 2012 - Present
(习近平)
14b. Xi Jin Ping President AD 2013 - Present
(习近平)
15. Li Ke Qiang Premier AD 2013 - Present
(李克强)

 

Note: Until 223 BC, dynasties consisted of kings, and only thereafter of emperors, with a few exception of the ancient monarchs, such as from the Three Sovereigns and the Five Emperors Period, Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period, etc. But, those rulers are of semi-mythological origin and might not even be historical figures at all. Hence, there is much confusion about there origin and chronological appearance, and depending on the source, there are many variations of who exactly classifies as the three sovereigns or the five emperors. There are multiple alternatives and the above list does not include all possible options.

There is likewise much debate on the exact dates of some of the earliest dynasties and even about the order of certain genealogies, such as that of the Shang Dynasty which primary source derives from oracle bones. Hence, certain rulers or even dynasties might be placed at a later or an earlier date than given here, or represent a certain genealogy in a slightly different order. The dates given here are therefore not always confirmed, nor verifiable. Sometimes, the dates might even conflict other available data, such as the length of the rule versus the period of the reign.

No royal dynasties and few imperial dynasties swayed the scepter uncontested, and so-called illegitimate empires often coincided with legitimate ones. Besides this, some of the legitimate imperial dynasties controlled only half, or less, of what at the time was regarded as China. A legitimate imperial dynasty might therefore have coincided with another legitimate dynasty in the other half of the country, although a single legitimate dynasty at any one time was the general rule.

The above dynasties and rulers are listed chronologically, but include only the historically recognized and most important of legitimate rulers and their dynasties, either due to their long-lasting reign, their remarkable achievements or other noteworthy feats. Less important, illegitimate successions, or short-lived legitimate dynasties, are not necessarily mentioned, nor are monarchs within certain dynasties that were in power before a successor took up the role of Emperor of China. The above list also does not include any of the pre-dynastic Neolithic cultures of China, and in the listing of modern rulers in post-Imperial China, only a few –currently relevant– names amongst the many noteworthy people, are mentioned.

Some of China's monarchs changed their name whenever they felt like it, whilst they never introduced a numeric system for succession, as is common in the West. Furthermore, most rulers are also known by a variety of additional names and titles, such as a personal name, a temple name, a royal title, a posthumous name, an era name, etc. This, and the fact that some rulers or dynasties adopted the same name of a predecessor, either literally or only seemingly so in Romanized transliterations, just adds to the confusion.

Hence, to avoid mix-ups, in literature the reign name is sometimes preceded by the name of the Dynasty, e.g. King Qi of the Xia Dynasty is referred to as King Xia Qi, and Emperor Shi Huang Di of the Qin Dynasty is called Emperor Qin Shi Huang Di, whereas in case of successive dynastic names that are clones, they are usually given a geographical determinant, such as Eastern Zhou vs. Western Zhou, Northern Song vs. Southern Song, etc.

Additionally, note that the Zhou Dynasty has in the above list been split up in the earlier Western Zhou Dynasty and the later Eastern Zhou Dynasty, of which the latter traditionally encompasses two sub-periods, i.e. the Spring and Autumn Period (ca. BC 722 - 481), and the Warring States Period (ca. BC 403 - 221), whilst the Shang Dynasty is listed together with that of the Yin, as this dynasty changed its dynasty name to Yin Dynasty, after they moved their capital to the city of Yin.